Nuttall Codex, leaves 16-15 and 45-44
The Nuttall Codex is named after Zelia Nuttall, the scholar who identified and published it. Housed in the Museum of Mankind of the British Museum in London, the Nuttall depicts significant historical figures and episodes in Mixtec history. Historical figures are named by a day sign (a number from 1 to 13 represented by dots, plus the symbol for one of the 20 named days), such as 3-Flint. This day sign name is believed to have been used to represent a person's day of birth. An interesting feature of the Nuttall is that it depicts ca. 180 representations of women, nearly all of them portrayed in responsible positions.
Among the significant historical figures recorded on the front side of the
codex is Lady 3-Flint; the first two leaves of her account are shown above. Leaves
14-22 depict significant events in her life, including her progress through the
priesthood to the high rank of Cihuacoatl (Woman Serpent). In the upper
right-hand corner of leaf 14, she meets Lord 5-Flower, who is associated with
celestial descent by his footsteps tracing back to a symbol representing the heavens.
Next to Lady 3-Flint is her name symbol (three dots and a red-and-white narrow,
pointed oval that represents a flint knife). On leaf 15 she is shown in a sacred
rite, floating in water and wearing a serpent headdress.
The entire reverse side of the Nuttall is dedicated to the priest and conqueror Lord 8-Deer, also known as Tiger's Claw. Numerous chieftains and conquered lands are also identified. The first two leaves of 8-Deer's story (below) depict his early career in the priesthood. At the upper left of leaf 44, he sacrifices a dog with a companion, 12-Ollin. Lord 8-Deer is identified by the day sign above his head: a deer with eight dots. At the bottom of the next column to the left, he burns incense in front of a divine tree growing from a mountain through a serpent's head. The pages that follow depict 8-Deer's victorious career conquering many cities and lands and performing sacred rituals.