"Indochina" was the European term used in the 19th century to describe the area of mainland Southeast Asia between India and China. The countries of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, although diverse in cultures, languages, and religion, were known as French Indochina, as they shared a background as colonies of France from 1858 to 1954. After the withdrawal of the French following their defeat in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam was divided into two zones: the Democratic Republic of Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh in the North, and the Republic of Vietnam in the South under Ngo Dinh Diem. Escalating discord between the two led to war. United States support of the anti-Communist government in the South led to active American intervention in the conflict, which eventually spread into neighboring Cambodia and Laos.
1. "Map of War area." In: Stars and Stripes, 1966. Donated by Marilyn Campbell.
and Mien artifacts. 20th century. Donated by Guire John
Luang, Vientiane, Laos, 1910.
7. Dem Dong,
Tim Ca Rung Chien, Vong Ngay Xanh [Vietnamese popular music].
Recording, ca. 1963-1965. Donated by Lee Bonatti.
9. La Cathedrale
and Le Cercle sportif, Saigon.