Kenneth A. Taylor Bibliography [Back to Index| UCI Department of Philosophy| UCI Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science| UCI Special Collections | UCI Libraries]


UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IRVINE

DEPARTMENT OF LOGIC AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

COLLOQUIUM

"What's in a Name?"

     Abstract: In this paper, I argue that names are anaphoric devices of a quite peculiar sort. In particular, I argue that to be a name is to be an expression type N such that any two tokens of N are guaranteed to be co-referential. I say that co-typical name tokens are explicitly co-referential. Explicit co-reference is sharply distinguished from what I call coincidental co-reference. Two name tokens which are not co-typical can refer to the same object, and thus be co-referential, without being explicitly co-referential. For example, tokens of 'Hesperus' and tokens of 'Phosphorous' co-refer but are not explicitly co-referential. The fact that tokens of 'Hesperus' one and all refer to Venus is entirely independent of the fact that tokens of 'Phosphorus' one and all refer to Venus. Indeed, I take it to be a correlative truth about names, a truth partly definitive of the lexical-syntactic character of names, that when m and n are distinct names, they are referentially independent. Referential independence means, roughly, that no name is subject to the interpretive/referential control of any other name in the sense that no structural or lexical relation between distinct names m and n can guarantee that if m refers to o then n refers to o as well. I argue that appreciating the explicit co-referentiality of co-typical name tokens and the referential independence of type distinct names is the key to understanding several puzzling phenomena that have long concern philosophers of language. Among these puzzling phenomena, I include Frege's puzzle about the possibility of informative identity statements, the failure of co-referring names to be intersubstitutable in propositional attitude contexts, and puzzles about empty and/or fictional names.

Kenneth A. Taylor

Department of Philosophy

Stanford University

Friday, October 19, 2001

3:00 p.m.

SST 777


Kenneth A. Taylor

A Bibliography
Compiled by
Eddie Yeghiayan


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