Common terms used in Digital Scholarship Services Metadata

Research Data Curation or Research Data Management: all of the steps involved in the research data lifecycle including collecting, describing, organizing, analyzing, preserving, sharing research data.

Metadata: recorded information (via manual or automated process) about any aspect of a digital resource (intellectual, technical, etc.) for the purpose of discovery, use, and management of the resource. 

Data Management Plan: a formal document detailing how data will be collected, described, analyzed, and preserved during research and after research is completed. Funding agencies often require the completion of a Data Management Plan before a research project can begin.

Preservation: various actions undertaken to ensure the long-term reliability and accessibility of a digital resource, such as upload into a repository, format migration, file replication, ongoing authenticity checking, etc.

Repository: a system dedicated to the preservation, management, and dissemination of digital resources. Institutional Repositories focus on scholarly or historical assets of particular institution (e.g. UCI), while Domain Repositories focus on research output and resources related to a particular discipline (e.g. biochemistry).

Format Migration: transferring intellectual content contained in a digital format or physical carrier that is inaccessible or in danger of obsolescence to a more accessible, stable, and preservation-ready digital file format.

Normalization: Editing, converting, or re-organizing the contents of a digital resource so that users may more easily discover, analyze, and interpret it.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO): methods of increasing the visibility of a digital resource (web page, documents, images, etc.) within a search engine's search results. Increased visibility leads to increased views that may lead to increased citations or impact. 

Bibliometrics and Altmetrics: Bibliometrics are methods used to quantitatively analyze a published digital resource and measure its impact, traditionally by counting citations. Altmetrics cover not just citation counts, but also other aspects of the impact of a work, such as how many data and knowledge bases refer to it, views, downloads, or mentions in social media or news.

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