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Citation Formats & Copyright Notice Format

Information for Faculty/Instructors

Citation Formats

Provide complete citations for published sources, such as book chapters, journal and newspaper articles, and related media. Provide adequate identifying information (author(s), title, date) for unpublished source material, such as handouts, homework assignments, syllabi, and papers.

Book Chapters:

  • Book editor or author(s)
  • Book title
  • Chapter author
  • Chapter title
  • Publisher
  • Place of publication
  • Date of publication

Journal Articles:

  • Author(s)
  • Article title
  • Journal title
  • Volume
  • Issue
  • Pages
  • Date of publication

Newspaper Articles:

  • Author(s)
  • Article title
  • Newspaper title
  • Section
  • Page
  • Column
  • Date of publication

Informal Source Material:

  • Author(s)
  • Title
  • Date of publication

Copyright Notice Format

If present on the original source, then include a Copyright Notice. Per the United States Code, Title 17, Section 401, the copyright notice shall consist of the following three elements:

(1) the symbol © (the letter C in a circle), or the word "Copyright", or the abbreviation "Copr."

(2) the year of first publication of the work; in the case of compilations or derivative works incorporating previously published material, the year date of first publication of the compilation or derivative work is sufficient.

(3) the name of the owner of copyright in the work, or an abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally known alternative designation of the owner.