F. Sherwood Rowland

F. Sherwood Rowland founded the chemistry department at the University of California, Irvine in the early 1960s. He has received worldwide recognition for reporting on the danger posed by chlorofluorocarbons when they are released into the atmosphere through aerosol propellants. His research demonstrated that chlorofluorocarbons depleted the ozone layer, thereby permitting more (biologically harmful) ultraviolet rays to reach the earth.

Dr. Rowland specializes in the research areas of radio chemistry, photo chemistry, and atmospheric chemistry, which includes modeling complex atmospheric chemical reactions. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a fellow in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Geophysical Union. He has received the Award for Creative Advances in environmental Sciences and Technology from the American Chemical Society, the Leo Szilard Award for Physics in the Public Interest from the American Physics Society, the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement (the world prize in ecology and energy), and is recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Included in the over two hundred and forty scientific papers he has authored or co-authored are studies of chlorine chemistry in the atmosphere and its relation to stratospheric ozone and the role of stratospheric ozone as the "earth's fragile shield."