Richard Smoke

Richard Smoke is professor of political science and director of the Center for Foreign Policy Development at Brown University. His previous positions include research fellow at the Wright Institute, fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral and Research Sciences at Stanford, fellow at the Institute of Personality Assessment and Research at the University of California, and lecturer in public policy and assistant dean for research at Harvard University. He is the co-founder and current executive director of the Center for Peace and Common Security (PACS), a California institute for research and education.

Dr. Smoke is the co-author (with Alexander L. George) of "Deterrence in American Foreign Policy: Theory and Practice" and is co-recipient of the prestigious Bancroft Prize for this book. Other books include "War: Controlling Escalation" and "National Security and the Nuclear Dilemma."

Professor Smoke believes that in spite of enormous efforts, "America is less secure today than it was several years ago...each side's ability to threaten the other has grown and keeps on growing."